Such individuals act on impulse with little regard for the consequences of their actions.
An outline of the above mentioned two theories will be given and how it informs knowledge of human development. I will go on to critically discuss the links to social work practice. In conclusion, I will demonstrate application of attachment John bowlby attachment theory essay to social work practice.
Attachment theory Bowlby Howe et al asserts that attachment is viewed as a biological response designed to get children into close, protective relationships. Bowlby outlined four phases of the development of attachment as an integrated system of behaviours in infants: Due to this and newly acquired motor skills, the infant now readily seeks the proximity to the caregiver.
Bowlby, cited in Beckett However, there are three types of insecure attachment which are listed by Wilson et al as insecure avoidant attachment group A, insecure ambivalent attachment group C and insecure disorganised or disoriented attachment group D each of which has a consequence of undesirable responses.
As Howe highlights, this attachment experience fosters security, it gives a sense of worth, faith in the helpfulness of others. According to Howethe child builds internal working models of the world and of himself in it, with the aid of which he perceives events, forecasts the future, constructs his plans and works as mitigation in times of trauma by forming resilience mechanisms.
However, insecure attachment is contrary to this.
Insecure-avoidant group A develops from a disengaged parenting style. The child who fits into this category shows odd behaviour. As Howe et al points out, a common characteristic of these children is that they cry a lot, show more distress and are not enthusiastic about physical contact.
The children were filled with anxiety before separation from mother, got upset when the mother left and were ambivalent when she returned. They view a caregiver as unpredictable, rejecting and violent at times. Children who fall in this category are flooded with emotions of fear and anger Main and Solomon Application of attachment theory to social work practice This theory therefore provides social workers with part of the model of analysis in judging the quality of relationships Walker and Crawford Walker and Crawford ; 54 claim this to be essential in knowing when to intervene or even remove a child where there are concerns in relation to risks of insecure attachment.
As Gerhart elucidates, children can recover from abuse or other negative experiences even though it is more difficult for those who have been seriously maltreated.
According to Doherty and Hughes early intervention with children who display discipline problems and problematic behaviours such as noncompliance, temper loss and aggression is very important and must be applied early.
Howe affirms that intervention to dissuade aggressive behaviour at a later time can be less effectual because adolescents become increasingly refractory to behavioural management therapies.
Howe asserts that these attachment characteristics portrayed will help practitioners to gather useful information to be analysed and evaluated so as to make neither non-judgemental nor non oppressive decisions.
As Thompson notes, failure to obtain enough information is an example of ineffective practice which can lead to biased decisions being made. The attachment theory highlights the behaviour of parents in both secure and insecure situations.
Even the Children Act rests on the belief that children are generally best looked after within the family with both parents playing a full part without resorting to legal proceedings Wilson et al Bowlby's Attachment Theory Saul McLeod, published John Bowlby ( - ) was a psychoanalyst (like Freud) and believed that mental health and behavioral problems could be attributed to early leslutinsduphoenix.com: Saul Mcleod.
To begin to understand the attachment theory one must first understand and have a clear definition of what attachment is.
From my point of view attachment is a lasting, secure and positive bond between a child and a caregiver, a reciprocal relationship. He experienced many years of separation from family and it can be connected as to why he developed the theory of attachment. Edward John Mostyn Bowlby, known as John Bowlby, was born in in London as the fourth of six children.
His parents were Sir Anthony Bowlby and Lady May Bowlby. John Bowlby was from an upper class wealthy family. John Bowlby's Path to Developing the Attachment Theory Essay Words | 3 Pages. many different theories on this subject, but a well-known theory is the Attachment Theory written by John Bowlby in the mid-twentieth century.
In this essay, I have considered to give attention to John Bowlby’s attachment theory and Jean Paiget’s cognitive theory focusing on child development. An outline of the above mentioned two theories will be given and how it informs knowledge of human development.
Attachment theory explains how the parent-child relationship emerges and influences subsequent development. Attachment theory in psychology originates with the seminal work of John Bowlby ().
In the ’s John Bowlby worked as a psychiatrist in a Child Guidance Clinic in London, where he treated many emotionally disturbed children.