Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. When Rwanda was first settled, the people who lived there raised cattle. The Germans were the first to colonize Rwanda in They looked at the Rwandan people and thought the Tutsi had more European characteristics, such as lighter skin tone and taller builds; therefore they put the Tutsi in the roles of responsibility.
Rwanda was separated from Burundi and gained independence on the 1st of July from Belgium. His plane was shot down on the 6th of April and subsequently; Pasteur Bizimungu took over and was eventually replaced by Paul Kagame in who is still the president of Rwanda today.
This event happened on the 6th of April It was initially suspected that the Tutsi shot down the plane because the President was a Hutu although an investigation into the missile showed that it was fired from a military camp that was probably run by the Hutu.
Violence began almost immediately after that. Under the cover of war, Hutu extremists launched their plans to destroy the entire Tutsi civilian population. Political leaders who might have been able to take charge of the situation and other high profile opponents of the Hutu extremist plans were killed immediately.
Tutsi and people suspected of being Tutsi were killed in their homes and as they tried to flee at roadblocks set up across the country during the genocide. Another main cause of the genocide is the history and tension between the Hutus and the Tutsis as if it were not for this, there would have been peace.
Ever since the Europeans arrived and separated the two, there has been unrest and tension even though they speak the same language and culturally, they are same.
This division was originally caused by who had more cows than the other and that today sounds ridiculous. France and the Congo sent troops to help the Hutu led government against the RPA and the war reached a stalemate and consequently, both sides entered into peace talks.
These talks led to the Arusha Accords being signed in and there was a ceasefire until the genocide started. The RPF regained control over Rwanda and chased the perpetrators to neighboring countries and stopped the genocide and are still in power today. Media, in particular radio and newspapers, played a huge part in the genocide and was also a cause of the genocide.
It was regarded as a major failure because of its lack of engagement because it let the genocide transpire.
The US did not want to send troops because of what happened to them in Somalia and thought the same would happen to them in Rwanda and although the topic is still debated today, the general consensus is that they should have provided some sort of support to Rwanda.
High population density and rapid population growth also played a major part as it was easier for the Hutus to kill the Tutsis and that it also convinced some farmers to kill as there was a feeling of too many people on the land, and with a reduction, there would be more for them.
The Burundi civil war also played a role in the genocide as many people saw what was happening and the Hutus and Tutsis were involved once again and it had entrenched even more hate between the 2 ethnicities. The death toll for the Rwandan genocide ranged from aboutpeople to a 1, Another effect was that a new president, Pasteur Bizimungu, was elected.
Many children, at that time, suffer because of the sight of seeing their parents being mutilated and raped before them and that affects them mentally. Another effect is that most of the infrastructure is still lackluster because of the destruction and lack of money put in to re-development.
People live in squalor and most of the things in Rwanda are expensive, including treatment, school fees, transport, rent, and food and this makes life even harder for people in Rwanda.
The many people who were displaced also led to the Great Lakes Refugee crisis and the genocide also had a part to play in both the Congo wars. Perpetrators also were also screened before the Gacaca Court where they were tried on the crimes they committed.
Another huge task for the government is to re-introduce more than 2 million refugees and to accommodate all the prisoners in their jails that are overflowing. An International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was established to bring the perpetrators to justice and re-enforce the Gacaca Court and the genocide also led to the establishment of the International Criminal Court.
Both sides were responsible although the Hutus were more so than the Tutsis because they actually slaughtered the Tutsis ruthlessly.
More essays like this:Genocide in Rwanda Essay. The revenge being planned was the extinction of the Tutsi. With help from Hutu extremists, hate propaganda, sub-humanization of Tutsi, firearms, and machetes were distributed among the Hutu citizens.
The extremists assassinated the president for fear of giving in to the Rwandan Patriotic Front's demands. Rwandan Genocide Essay Sample. The Causes and Effects of the Rwandan Genocide by Arnav Kapur In , Rwanda erupted into one of the most appalling cases of mass murder the world has ever witnessed since World War II.
DBQ (Document-Based Question) Background Essay Questions: Genocide 1. What was the purpose of the Montreal conference held in ? 2. Why were Gen. Romeo Dallaire’s forces in Rwanda? 3. Why weren’t Gen. Dallaire and his UN forces able to stop the genocide in Rwanda?
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Those killings did not change any competition between Hutu and Tutsi for land. The Somalia Syndrome was a big scare for the people of the United States.
It sent a chill down their spines when they heard how the Somalia extremists dragged the bodies of dead American soldiers through the streets.
We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. The Rwandan Genocide took place in (April-July) and killed 1’’ people. The Hutus and the Tutsis, two different tribes from Rwanda, were segregated and even killed.
The Hutus killed the Tutsis and the moderate Hutus, those who were sympathetic to Tutsis.